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Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

3 edition of NASA"s progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology found in the catalog.

NASA"s progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology

James R. Stone

NASA"s progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology

by James R. Stone

  • 375 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, For sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington, DC], [Springfield, Va .
Written in

  • Nuclear propulsion.,
  • Space vehicles -- Electric propulsion systems.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJames R. Stone, Michael P. Doherty and Keith M. Peecook.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 106272., NASA technical memorandum -- 106272.
    ContributionsDoherty, Michael P., Peecook, Keith M., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14705882M

    An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video An illustration of an audio speaker. 48 3 MSR Tech/NASA_s Progress in Nuclear Electric Propulsion 59 3 MSR Tech/Nuclear Electric Propulsion Technology Panel _Findings and This program was initiated in with a very modest effort identified with nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP); however, NEP is also an integral part of this program and builds upon NASA's Base Research and Technology Program in power and electric propulsion as well as the SP space nuclear .

      Starting from fundamental physics, Chapter 1 explains the advantages of nuclear energy and explores the performance limits of nuclear propulsion in terms of specific impulse, thrust, power, and mass. Following chapters discuss the tremendous accomplishments of the past and moves into more current technology.   This paper presents the status of technology program planning to achieve readiness of Nuclear Electric Propulsion technologies needed to meet the advanced propulsion system requirements for planetary science missions in the next century. The technology program planning is based upon technologies of significant maturity: ion electric propulsion and the SP‐ space .

    "The small thrust (from the electric propulsion system) is effective for missions to the more distant parts of the solar system," von Braun wrote in the s. In the early s, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and NASA/Lewis partnered on the NASA Solar Electric Power Technology Applications Readiness (NSTAR) project.   * Sub Kilowatt Electric Propulsion: NASA will demonstrate a ~ kW Hall electric propulsion thruster to be used on ESPA class spacecraft that support exploration and science missions. Recent advances in Hall thruster technology at the kW power level can be applied to kW device to drastically alter the spacecraft market with low.

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NASA"s progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology by James R. Stone Download PDF EPUB FB2

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion: Game Changing Technology for Deep Space Exploration. Get this from a library. NASA's progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology.

[James R Stone; Michael P Doherty; Keith M Peecook; United States. NASAs progress in nuclear electric propulsion technology book Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. NASA's PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY James R. Stone,* Michael P. Doherty** and Keith M.

Peecook*** Nuclear Propulsion Office NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH Abstract The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has established a requirement for Nuclear Electric Propusion (NEP) technology for robotic planetary.

David L. Black, Stanley V. Gunn, in Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology (Third Edition), I.B Nuclear Electric Propulsion.

Nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) is simply electric propulsion in which the electricity is derived from a nuclear reactor (as opposed to solar or chemical means).

The thrusting fluid (gas, ion, plasma) receives its energy to accelerate from the. PASADENA, Calif. — With congressional funding and industry support, nuclear thermal propulsion technology is making progress for potential use on future NASA deep space missions.

A nuclear electric rocket (more properly nuclear electric propulsion) is a type of spacecraft propulsion system where thermal energy from a nuclear reactor is converted to electrical energy, which is used to drive an ion thruster or other electrical spacecraft propulsion technology.

The nuclear electric rocket terminology is slightly inconsistent, as technically the "rocket" part of the. Reuter noted that NASA’s budget request for fiscal year includes $ million for the space nuclear technology portfolio within a new line item, of which $62 million is for surface power and the remainder is for propulsion, not limited to NTP.

The agency projects its request for the portfolio will grow to $ million in fiscal year Fundamentals of Electric Propulsion: Ion and Hall Thrusters March The research described in this publication was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service. A nuclear electric propulsion system (like that planned for the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter) uses a nuclear heat source coupled to an electric generator.

Image right: HiPEP ion thruster being tested at 20 kilowatts in Glenn's Vacuum Facility 6. For comparison, a household microwave operates at about 1 kilowatt. Credit: NASA. In May, the House Appropriations Committee approved a bill that allocates $ billion to NASA — including $ million to develop nuclear thermal propulsion.

Project Prometheus/Project Promethian was established in by NASA to develop nuclear-powered systems for long-duration space missions. This was NASA's first serious foray into nuclear spacecraft propulsion since the cancellation of the SNTP project in The project was cancelled in Its budget shrank from $ million in to only $ million in$90 million of which.

At the center of NASA’s nuclear rocket program is Bill Emrich, the man who literally wrote the book on nuclear propulsion. “You can do chemical propulsion to Mars, but it’s really hard.

By Karen Graham in Technology With additional congressional funding and industry support, nuclear thermal propulsion technology is making progress for potential use on future NASA deep. A Review of Distributed Electric Propulsion Concepts for Air Vehicle Technology The emergence of distributed electric propulsion (DEP) concepts for aircraft systems has enabled new capabilities in the overall efficiency, capabilities, and robustness of future air vehicles.

Distributed electric propulsion systems feature the novel approach of utilizing electrically-driven propulsors which are. This book, published in partnership with NASA, is the culmination of that effort.

Each of the reports sketches out a revolutionary mission concept, providing information on its science rationale, architecture and implementation approach, technology challenges, and deployment and operations.

Nuclear rockets could return again. Now NASA is getting interested in nuclear rockets again. Init awarded a nearly $19 million contract for development. And this year’s NASA budget. Ionic Propulsion from NASA. It’s hoped that the technology could be used to ferry humans to Mars.

The X3 is a type of Hall thruster, a design that uses a stream of ions to propel a spacecraft. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has established a requirement for Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) technology for robotic planetary science mission applications with.

The Orion nuclear pulse drive combines a very high exhaust velocity, from 19 to 31 km/s (12 to 19 mi/s) in typical interplanetary designs, with meganewtons of thrust. Many spacecraft propulsion drives can achieve one of these or the other, but nuclear pulse rockets are the only proposed technology that could potentially meet the extreme power requirements to deliver both at once (see.

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite Reston, VA. To achieve even higher temperatures, sometimes the fuel is turned into a gas, or sometimes a plasma. This is a gas-core nuclear thermal rocket, and there’s two varieties with very different advantages and disadvantages.

The first is called the closed cycle gas core NTR, also sometimes called the “nuclear lightbulb.”This was one of the first nuclear rocket designs proposed, first. Utilizing nuclear technology as an ingredient of NASA’s exploration prowess is not new.

NTP research is part of the space agency’s storied history. InNASA and the former Atomic Energy Commission jointly embarked on the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program – an effort that over several years led to the. Nuclear reactors can take advantage of active nuclear fission, or atom splitting, to be far more efficient, and NASA has been researching this technology for decades.

The United States flew its.